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Tips for The Prevention and Treatment Of Common Oral Health Issues

Tips for The Prevention and Treatment Of Common Oral Health Issues

Oral health is important. Without it, we can fall victim to a plethora of problems including a diminished social life and seemingly unrelated health problems.

There are a number of common oral health problems that you should know about. So, here is a comprehensive list of common oral health problems, how to prevent them, and how they are treated.

Sensitivity

The nerves in teeth are covered with a protective layer of dentin. Dentin can become exposed due to age, gum disease, excess brushing, and over the counter tooth whitening agents.

When this happens, the teeth can become sensitive to temperature, sweets, and acidic foods, as the channels that dentin sits in are connected to the inside of the tooth – the pulp, which is where the nerves are.

Tooth sensitivity can be prevented by maintaining a regular oral hygiene routine that consists of tooth brushing with a soft bristled brush, flossing, and cutting back on sugary foods.

Once sensitivity has taken hold, however, a visit to the dentist will be required.

 Tooth Decay

Plaque formation on teeth causes the production of acid. These acids, which are sticky, stick to tooth enamel and attack the teeth.

When plaque isn’t removed, it can damage the tooth, leading to a condition known as tooth decay. Tooth decay is most commonly known by the presence of cavities.

Brushing and flossing is the easiest way to prevent tooth decay. Using fluoride toothpaste is highly recommended as well. If a cavity forms, see your dentist for a filling or a crown if the cavity is large enough to warrant such a treatment.

Sores

Sores can appear anywhere in the mouth. They can range in severity from mildly annoying to nearly debilitating and commonly  form as a result of cheek biting and, more seriously, oral cancer.

Canker sores are the most common sores and can be caused by stress, hormone changes, a weak immune system, and lacking B12/iron.

Prevention depends on the type of sore. Sores caused by biting the cheek or tongue can be avoided by chewing more slowly, while reducing stress can help prevent canker sores.

Treatment can include over the counter and prescription medication, dietary changes, and icing the sore area.

Sores that don’t go away within a few weeks and/or that start to piss should be checked by a dentist or doctor immediately.

Tooth discoloration

Yellowing of the teeth -tooth discoloration- is what happens when they teeth become stained. Causes include smoking, diet, aging, medications, and plaque buildup.

Preventing tooth discoloration isn’t always possible, however, not smoking and frequently brushing the teeth to remove plaque and other residue can be helpful.

Treatment is best left for dentists, although, there are a variety of over the counter whitening products that can be used at home to treat discoloration. Veneers are also an option, as are home remedies such as baking soda and hydrogen peroxide.

The latter, though, seems to have varying results and shouldn’t be used exclusively as their effects are minimal at best.